Ground-based radio navigation - Radio can be used to determine an aircraft’s heading. This is facilitated by ground- based radio stations, which send out directed radio signals that an aircraft can receive and use to determine its position relative to the radio source. For more................................................
Performance-based navigation (PBN) uses global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) and computerised on-board systems. This is in contrast with traditional sensor-specific navigation based largely on fixed ground-based beacons guiding aircraft along published routes. Navigation using legacy ground aids is ‘relative navigation’ since aircraft are always operating relative to the navaids – whether tracking to or from aids, or flying to a point defined by a VOR radial and DME distance from a ground station. More Read..............
The Ministry of Labour and Employment introduced Factories (Amendment) Bill, 2014 in Lok Sabha on dated 8th August 2014.The amendment of the Factories Act aims to ensure improvement and safety and health of workers working in factories. The bill will provide permission for employment of women for night work in a factory or group or class or description of factories with adequate safeguards for safety and provision of transportation upto their residence. Read more
Heads-up displays were initially modified versions of the reflective sights found on World War II weaponry. With the advent of on-board radar systems in aircraft it was discovered that pilots were struggling to fly an aircraft and simultaneously use and monitor all the sophisticated instrumentation on board. The HUD attempts to remove some of the stress associated with flying by projecting flight data into the pilot’s field of view when looking out of the forward windscreen. Read more
FAA issued SAIB to alert owners, operators, and maintenance technicians of Piper Aircraft, Inc. (Piper) Models PA-28, PA-32, PA-34, PA-44, and PA-46 series airplanes of an airworthiness concern, specifically structural deterioration and possible collapse of the air inlet hose. The air inlet hose may be between the air filter and the fuel injector, carburetor or carburetor heat box depending on the airplane model. A collapsed hose reduces airflow to the engine and could result in a rough running engine or a loss of power.
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Human error is identified as the main cause or contributory factor in approximately 75% of all aviation accidents and incidents. CAA prepare strategy with aims to bring consistency across the industry, promote positive attitudes. .......................... CAP1159 A strategy for human factors
First invented in World War I, and in widespread use by the 1930s, flaps allow an aircraft to increase the lift generated by its wings by increasing either the camber (curvature) or total wing area (and sometimes both.). This increase in lift reduces the stall speed and allows the aircraft to fly safely at lower speeds than usual. This allows shorter take-off and landing distances, as well as slower (and safer) speeds, during these procedures. 100 things that make safer skies: 31-40
Lightning is a serious danger. Being out-of-doors is the most dangerous place to be when thunderstorms are in the area. It is important to monitor changing weather conditions, and understanding the risks associated with lightning. If you can hear thunder—even a distant rumble, you are already at risk.
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Dangerous goods control
The danger in taking flammable, volatile cargo on aircraft has been illustrated too many times. South African Airways Flight 295 was lost in the Indian Ocean in November 1987 after an in-flight fire in the cargo hold. The holds of most airliners are now equipped with automated halon fire-extinguishing systems to combat any cargo or baggage fire. In May 1996, ValuJet Airlines Flight 592 crashed into the Florida Everglades a few minutes after take off, when a fire broke out in the forward cargo hold. All 110 aboard were killed. These tragedies also refocused attention on screening to prevent dangerous goods from being carried on aircraft. Dangerous goods control is an ever-changing game.
100 things that make safer skies: 21-30