Human error is identified as the main cause or contributory factor in approximately 75% of all aviation accidents and incidents. CAA prepare strategy with aims to bring consistency across the industry, promote positive attitudes. .......................... CAP1159 A strategy for human factors
First invented in World War I, and in widespread use by the 1930s, flaps allow an aircraft to increase the lift generated by its wings by increasing either the camber (curvature) or total wing area (and sometimes both.). This increase in lift reduces the stall speed and allows the aircraft to fly safely at lower speeds than usual. This allows shorter take-off and landing distances, as well as slower (and safer) speeds, during these procedures. 100 things that make safer skies: 31-40
Lightning is a serious danger. Being out-of-doors is the most dangerous place to be when thunderstorms are in the area. It is important to monitor changing weather conditions, and understanding the risks associated with lightning. If you can hear thunder—even a distant rumble, you are already at risk.
To continue ...........................
Dangerous goods control
The danger in taking flammable, volatile cargo on aircraft has been illustrated too many times. South African Airways Flight 295 was lost in the Indian Ocean in November 1987 after an in-flight fire in the cargo hold. The holds of most airliners are now equipped with automated halon fire-extinguishing systems to combat any cargo or baggage fire. In May 1996, ValuJet Airlines Flight 592 crashed into the Florida Everglades a few minutes after take off, when a fire broke out in the forward cargo hold. All 110 aboard were killed. These tragedies also refocused attention on screening to prevent dangerous goods from being carried on aircraft. Dangerous goods control is an ever-changing game.
100 things that make safer skies: 21-30
Safety management systems
Since the first plane crash that killed a passenger of the Wright brothers, aviation safety has followed the model of analysing what went wrong, and trying to do better in future, by making changes to technology or procedures. The death of soldier Thomas Selfridge in the Wright Flyer crash led to army aviators using helmets, for example. But this model of accident-based insight is not available to the nuclear or oil and gas industries, where a single accident can be catastrophic. Instead, these industries take a proactive approach to managing safety, based on a reporting culture and formal processes to ensure safety is managed like any other element of the business.
100 things that make safer skies: 11-20
Safety depends on much more than learning from accidents. It also requires near- misses (or near-hits?) and errors to be remedied. But to do this they have to be reported. This requires an environment in which people feel confident they will not be punished for honest mistakes. The obvious problem is the difference between honest mistakes and negligence—too complex a topic to explore here. Reporting culture in aviation is imperfect, but is always embraced as an ideal. The contrast with other areas such as medicine is marked. More Details 100 things that make safer skies: 1-10
Courtesy Flight Safety Australia
The PAL-V ONE, a roadable gyrocopter or flying motorcycle that will be available for first deliveries in 2016. Made by PAL-V Europe NV, based in Raamsdonksveer in the Netherlands, the two-place PAL-V ONE (PAL-V stands for Personal Air and Land Vehicle) uses a 230-HP engine to turn a pusher prop—the main rotor autorotates to provide lift. Top speed on land or in the air is 112 MPH.
Para 4 of CAR Section 5 Series “F”, Part I requires that all operators shall establish an effective Flight Safety Documentation System for use and guidance of operational personnel. “The procedure for preparing Flight Safety Documentation System its monitoring and adherence shall be incorporated in the Flight Safety Manual”. Flight Safety Documentation system is a set of inter-related documentation established by the operator, compiling and organizing information necessary for flight and ground operations. For Details Flight Safety Documentation system
Presentation Flight Safety Documentation system
CAA issued Information notice IN-2014/091. The purpose of this Information Notice is inform owners, manufacturers and maintainers that single seat microlight aeroplanes no longer require a Permit to Fly.
Any microlight aeroplane that:
a) is designed to carry one person;
b) has a maximum take-off mass of no more than:
i) 300 kg for a single seat landplane (or 390 kg for a single seat landplane of which 51% was built by an amateur, or non-profit making association of amateurs, for their own purposes and without any commercial objective, in respect of which a Permit to Fly issued by the CAA was in force prior to 1 January 2003); or
ii) 315 kg for a single seat landplane equipped with an airframe mounted total recovery parachute system; or
iii) 330 kg for a single seat amphibian or floatplane; and
c) has a stall speed or minimum steady flight speed in the landing configuration not exceeding 35 knots calibrated airspeed.
CAA INFORMATION NOTICE NO IN-2014/091
Pusapati Ashok Gajapathi Raju, 63, who joins Narendra Modi cabinet, is a first time MP from Vizianagaram and one of the senior most leaders from the Telugu Desam Party. Hailing from the royal family of Gajapati from Vizianagaram. Ashok Gajapati Raju is a 7 time MLA and served as Finance and Revenue Minister in the cabinets of NT Rama Rao and N Chandrababu Naidu.
Ashok Gajapati is widely travelled, well read and a serious legislator. He brings lot of legislative experience to the Parliament. A trusted lieutenant of Chandrababu Naidu, he is expected to bring strength to the Narendra Modi Government.
Ashok Gajapathi Raju: Cabinet Minister